When a toilet become wobbly or leaks at the bottom, it usually indicates a problem in the connection between the toilet and the toilet phlange, the part that connects the toilet drain to the drain pipe. Alternatives include repairing the toilet or replacing it. Another challenge to a toilet is the need to put in new bathroom flooring. When the floor level is raised an inch or more, it becomes difficult for the toilet to sit squarely on the closet flange, and as a result a toilet leak might develop.
When a homeowner is faced with a wobbly toilet or leaking toilet, understanding the parts of the toilet that create a connection between the toilet flange and the toilet outlet, can be very handy . The word flange is believed to derive from the Old French word flanche or flank or side. A toilet flange is shaped like a ring attached to the top of a hollow metal cylinder piece. The cylindrical walls fit down into the toilet drain pipe, and are bolstered at they fits against the inside of the toilet drain pipe. Because the piece is supported by its contact with the inside of the drain pipe, it is described as a type of flange. The word toilet in the phrase toilet flange comes from the old European word for bathroom the water closet.
In order to insure a tight seal between the closet flange and the toilet outflow horn, plumbers use a wax piece alternatively called a wax ring, or wax seal, a water closet gasket, a gasket or a sealing plastic annular piece. The wax ring can be placed inside the closet flange or over the horn of the toilet outlet. In either case, as the toilet is placed down on the closet flange the weight of the toilet will compress the wax ring and make a tight seal.
These two bolts are alternatively called bolts, toilet bolts, closet bolts or hold-down bolts. As the toilet is being placed squarely on the flange the hold down bolts will come up through holes on either side of the toilet base. The toilet bolts are then held in place with three pieces. A plastic washer fits over the bolt first. A brass washer is placed on top of the plastic washer and a brass nut is carefully screwed on top of the brass washer. The brass nut is tightened sufficiently to hold the toilet in place, but not too tight so as to crack the porcelain toilet. A decorative cap, alternatively called a cap bolt, cap or trim cap is placed on top of the hold down bolts. The weight of the toilet and the bolts plus a layer of plumbers putty places all around the inside of the toilet base, is sufficient to create a good tight toilet deal with the toilet drain pipe.
A-1 Plumbing of Baltimore is a Baltimore plumbing
company which fixes toilet leaks
and installs toilets
and repairs toilets